Africa is considered as the land of the wild due to its scintillating fauna across the continent. But what more do we know about this amazing continent? Let’s find out.
Imagine you’re planning to have a safari tour to explore the wildlife of Africa, but surely you want to do your diligence before traveling to any place. Well, look no further. We’ve covered for you. Here are a few things about the continent that one should know before visiting it:
Africa In Numbers
It is the second-largest continent in the world after Asia and the second most populous too. It covers about 6% of the earth’s total surface area at 30.3 million km², and 20% of the total land area. It’s total population, as of 2016 was about 1.2 billion, that’s 16% of the total population. Three different water bodies surround the continent, the Indian Ocean in the east, the Atlantic on the west, and the Mediterranean sea borders the northern part and separate it from Europe. It contains 54 recognized sovereign countries, nine territories, and two de facto states with limited or no recognition. It is thought to have over 1250 native languages, with the number rising to 3000 according to some estimates, good luck with communicating with the people there!
According to most paleontologists, Africa is considered to be the oldest inhabited place on earth, with the human species of Homo Sapiens originating from here. The Nile Basin region is also home to one the earliest and the longest-lasting civilization, the Pharaonic civilization. Modern-Day Africa is mostly the result of European colonization. In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of the land, most present states in Africa have emerged from a process of decolonization in the 20th century.
Flora And Fauna In Africa
For all the safari travelers, this is the section you were probably waiting for. So without further ado, let’s get into it.
The so-called Garden of Eden boasts perhaps the world’s most significant combination of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores. It is also home to a variety of “jungle” animals, including snake, primates, and aquatic life. Moreover, it has over 3,000 protected areas, with 198 marine protected areas, 50 biosphere reserves, and 80 wetlands reserves. But significant problems such as poaching, and the increase in the human population pose massive threats to the ecosystem. Over and above, administrative malfunction and inadequate personnel due to funding problems are exacerbating the risks of biodiversity.
Although the continent has abundant natural resources, Africa remains the world’s most miserable and the least developed part of the world. Its total nominal GDP remains behind that of the United States, China, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, India, and France. According to the United Nations’ Human Development Report in 2003, the bottom 24 nations were all of Africa.
Illiteracy, failed planning, corrupt governments, and various other causes are responsible for the gross underutilization of the natural resources it possesses and the lack of prosperity among its people.
The massive biodiversity of Africa continues to attract people from around the world. It also continues to be the most mismanaged part of the world.
As the rest of the world is gazing into the technologies of the future, it remains unseen whether the countries of Africa will ever realize their full potential.